FedEx Timeline

1900-1969 | 1970-1979 | 1980-1989 | 1990-1999 | 2000-Present

 

1913

  • C.J. Tower & Sons — the forerunner of FedEx Trade Networks subsidiary FedEx Trade Networks Transport & Brokerage — begins operation as a customs broker in Niagara Falls, N.Y.

1947

  • Roberts Cartage (now FedEx Custom Critical) is founded as a pickup and delivery trucking company in Akron,Ohio.

1966

  • Viking Freight Inc. (now FedEx Freight West) is founded in San Jose,Calif.

1970

  • Kinko’s, (now FedEx Office) is founded in Santa Barbara,Calif.

1971

  • Federal Express Corporation is founded in Little Rock,Ark.

1973

  • Federal Express relocates operations to Memphis,Tenn.
  • On the first night of continuous operation, 389 Federal Express employees and 14 Dassault Falcon jets deliver 186 packages overnight to 25 U.S. cities — and the modern air/ground express industry is born.

1975

  • Federal Express installs the first Federal Express Drop Box.

1977

  • After two years of lobbying led by Federal Express, Congress passes Public Law 95-163 enabling FedEx and other cargo airlines to use larger aircraft with no geographic restrictions on routes. 
  • Federal Express purchases seven Boeing 727 aircraft, each with a cargo capacity of 40,000 pounds — almost seven times that of the Dassault Falcon.

1978

  • Federal Express Corporation is listed on the New York Stock Exchange; ticker symbol is FDX.

1979

  • Federal Express launches COSMOS (Customers, Operations and Services Master Online System), a centralized computer system to manage people, packages, vehicles and weather scenarios in real time.

1980

  • Federal Express implements DADS (Digitally Assisted Dispatch System) to coordinate on-call pickups for customers.
  • Roberts Cartage is renamed Roberts Express Inc. (now FedEx Custom Critical), becoming the first carrier to offer exclusive-use, non-stop transportation services — and the expedited transportation industry is born.

1981

  • Federal Express introduces the Overnight Letter. 
  • Federal Express begins international delivery with service to Canada.
  • Federal Express opens its SuperHub adjacent to Memphis International Airport.

1982

  • Arkansas Freightways (now FedEx Freight East) is foundedHarrison,Ark.

1983

  • Federal Express becomes the first U.S.company to reach revenues of $1 billion without merger or acquisition.

1984

  • Federal Express acquires Gelco Express International and launches operations in Asia Pacific.
  • The first PC-based automated shipping system, later named FedEx PowerShip®, is introduced.

1985

  • RPS Inc. (now FedEx Ground) is founded in Pittsburgh,Pa., and introduces bar code labeling to the ground transportation industry.

1986

  • Federal Express introduces the SuperTracker®, a hand-held bar code scanner system that captures detailed package information.

1989

  • Federal Express purchases Flying Tigers to expand its international presence.
  • Roberts Express (now FedEx Custom Critical) begins service to Europe and launches an on-board communications system that uses satellite tracking to pinpoint vehicle location.

1990

  • Federal Express becomes the first company to win the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award in the service category.

1991

  • CharterAir® (now Air Expedite under FedEx Custom Critical), an expedited, exclusive-use air charter service of Roberts Express, makes its inaugural flight.

1993

  • RPS (now FedEx Ground) exceeds $1 billion in annual revenue in its ninth year of existence, recording the fastest growth of any ground transportation company.
  • RPS (now FedEx Ground) launches MultiShip®, the first carrier-supplied customer automation system to process packages shipped by other transportation providers. 
  • The Federal Express ClearSM Electronic Customs Clearance System is created to expedite regulatory clearance while cargo is en route.
  • Arkansas Freightways (now FedEx Freight East) changes its name to American Freightways.

1994

  • Federal Express officially adopts "FedEx" as its brand for recognition as the worldwide standard for fast, reliable service.
  • FedEx launches fedex.com as the first transportation Web site to offer online package status tracking, enabling customers to conduct business via the Internet.
  • FedEx Ship® software (now FedEx Ship Manager QuickShip) allows customers to process and manage shipping from their desktop.

1995

  • FedEx acquires air routes from Evergreen International with authority to serveChina.
  • FedEx opens the Asia Pacific Hub in Subic Bay, Philippines, launching the FedEx AsiaOne® Network.

1996

  • RPS (now FedEx Ground) achieves 100 percent coverage of North America.
  • FedEx becomes the first company to allow customers to process shipments online with the introduction of FedEx interNetShip® (now FedEx Ship Manager at fedex.com).

1997

  • FedEx opens its hub at Alliance Airport near Dallas, Texas.

1998

  • FedEx acquires Caliber System Inc. and creates FDX Corporation. The move creates a $16 billion transportation powerhouse, comprised of the traditional Federal Express distribution service and small-package carrier RPS, less-than-truckload (LTL) carrier Viking Freight, Caliber Logistics, Caliber Technology and Roberts Express.

1999

  • FedEx Marketplace launches on fedex.com, providing easy access to online merchants that offer fast, reliable FedEx express shipping.
  • Federal Express launches its EuroOne® Network, opening a hub at Roissy-Charles de Gaulle airport.
  • FedEx Corp. acquires Caribbean Transportation Services.

2000

  • Parent company FDX is renamed "FedEx Corporation." Services are divided into companies that operate independently yet compete collectively: FedEx Express, FedEx Ground, FedEx Global Logistics, FedEx Custom Critical and FedEx Services.
  • FedEx Ground launches FedEx Home Delivery, an innovative business-to-residential service, in major U.S.markets.
  • FedEx Trade Networks is created with the acquisitions of Tower Group International and WorldTariff.
  • FedEx Custom Critical acquires Passport Transport.
  • FedEx teams with Amazon.com on a major e-commerce event, delivering the book "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire" to 250,000 eager customers on the Saturday of its release.
  • FedEx introduces customer technology solutions including a redesigned fedex.com, FedEx e-Commerce Builder, FedEx Global Trade Manager and FedEx Ship Manager.

2001

  • FedEx Express and the U.S. Postal Service forge a public-private alliance. FedEx Express provides air transportation of some U.S.mail and places FedEx Drop Boxes at post offices nationwide.
  • FedEx Corp. acquires American Freightways, a less-than-truckload carrier serving the 40 eastern states in theU.S.

2002

  • FedEx Corp. brands two of its LTL companies together as FedEx Freight. American Freightways becomes FedEx Freight East and Viking Freight becomes FedEx Freight West, both continuing to operate independently to optimize service in their geographic markets.
  • FedEx Trade Networks reorganizes; Tower Group International becomes FedEx Trade Networks Transport & Brokerage Inc., and a new subsidiary is created, incorporating the services of WorldTariff, called FedEx Trade Networks Trade Services.
  • FedEx Home Delivery completes its expansion to serve virtually 100 percent of the U.S.population.

2003

  • FedEx marks a 30-year milestone; Federal Express (now FedEx Express) began its first night of continuous operations in 1973.
  • FedEx teams again with Amazon.com to repeat a major e-commerce event — delivering the latest Harry Potter installment on the Saturday of its release. Only this time, the event is almost double the size: FedEx Express and FedEx Home Delivery delivered over 400,000 copies of "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix" (up from the previous release of 250,000) in a single day. 
  • FedEx Express introduces its first hybrid-electric truck to the delivery fleet. To date, more than 1.8 million miles have been driven by the company’s current fleet of 95 hybrid-electric vehicles.

2004

  • FedEx Corporation acquires Kinko's for US$2.4 billion, which expands the company's retail access to all of the 1,200-plus Kinko's stores for greater customer convenience (including more than 400 stores that operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week) and increases its portfolio of services.  The retail store locations get a new brand identity – FedEx Kinko’s Office and Print Centers
  • FedEx expands services for customers in the e-tail and catalog segments by acquiring Parcel Direct, a leading parcel consolidator. FedEx later re-brands the FedEx Ground subsidiary as FedEx SmartPost. 

2005

  • FedEx launches around the world flights – Eastbound and Westbound – to provide faster, better connectivity to the major markets around the world.
  • FedEx announces the development of a new Asia Pacific hub in Guangzhou,China. 
  • FedEx unveils California's largest corporate solar-power installation at its Oakland Hub. The solar-power array provides approximately 80 percent of the peak load demand for this facility, and adds nearly one megawatt of zero-pollution electric generating capacity to the city of Oakland, Calif.

2006

  • FedEx Corp. acquires Watkins Motor Lines, enhancing FedEx Freight’s ability to serve customers in the long haul less-than-truckload freight market.
  • FedEx Express helps make precious deliveries around the United States, returning hurricane-displaced penguins to their new home at New Orleans’ Audubon Aquarium of the Americas, and delivering fragile remnants from the Titanic disaster to an exhibit in Atlanta. 

2007

  • FedEx Express builds its service capabilities in Europe by acquiring UK domestic express company ANC (later re-branded FedExUK) and Flying-Cargo Hungary Kft, now a wholly-owned operation in one of Eastern Europe’s most dynamic markets.
  • FedEx Express expands its presence in India with the acquisition of Prakash Air Freight Pvt. Ltd. (PAFEX).
  • FedEx expands its presence in China by acquiring DTW Group's 50 percent share of the FedEx-DTW International Priority express joint venture and became a wholly foreign-owned enterprise.
  • FedEx Kinko’s introduces Print Online, an innovative Web-based printing tool allowing customers to access the chain’s professional printing services from anywhere in the United States.
  • FedEx launches the FedExCup in partnership with the PGA TOUR, introducing a season-ending competitive element to the schedule.

2011

  • FedEx Express acquires the logistics, distribution and express businesses of AFL Pvt. Ltd. and its affiliate, Unifreight India Pvt. Ltd. This acquisition provides FedEx more robust domestic transportation and added capabilities in India.
  • FedEx Express acquires the operations of MultiPack in Mexico. MultiPack's existing operations include its pick-up and delivery network, warehousing and logistics services, 48 distribution centers, 13 warehouses and more than 500 retail outlets, all of which will be consolidated into the FedEx business.

2012

  • FedEx Corp. acquires the Polish courier company Opek Sp.z o.o. (Opek) for $54 million. This acquisition gives its FedEx Express business unit access to a nationwide domestic ground network with an estimated $70 million in annual revenue and 12.5 million shipments annually.
  • FedEx Corp. acquires TATEX, a leading French business-to-business express transportation company, for $55 million. This acquisition gives its FedEx Express business unit access to a nationwide domestic ground network which carries 19 million shipments and produces approximately €150 million in revenues annually.
  • FedEx Corp. acquires Rapidão Cometa, one of the largest transportation and logistics companies in Brazil. This acquisition brings more than $500 million of annual revenue, and is the latest step in the company’s strategy for profitable growth in FedEx Express's Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region.